Tuesday, 17 September 2013

One-fifth of deaths of children under five worldwide occur in India: UN report

PTI : Geneva, Fri Sep 13 2013, 16:46 hrs

A new report by UN said that about 1/5th of death of children under 5 occur in India (AP)


India alone accounts for more than one-fifth of deaths worldwide of children under the age of five, according to a new UN report released Friday, which said nearly 6.6 million kids died globally, last year, before reaching their fifth birthday.

India (22 per cent) and Nigeria (13 per cent) together account for more than one-third of all deaths of children under the age of five, the report said.

The report by UNICEF, WHO, the World Bank Group and the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs/Population Division, also found that global child deaths decreased by almost half since 1990.

In 2012, approximately 6.6 million children under five died worldwide.

This is roughly half the number of under-fives who died in 1990, when more than 12 million children died, the report said. "This trend is a positive one. Millions of lives have been saved. And we can do still better," said Anthony Lake, UNICEF Executive Director.

"Most of these deaths can be prevented, using simple steps that many countries have already put in place. What we need is a greater sense of urgency," said Lake.

The leading causes of death among children aged less than five years include pneumonia, prematurity, birth asphyxia, diarrhoea and malaria. Globally, about 45 per cent of under-five deaths are linked to undernutrition.

About half of under-five deaths occur in only five countries: China, Democratic Republic of the Congo, India, Nigeria, and Pakistan, according to the report.

"Care for mother and baby in the first 24 hours of any child's life is critical for the health and wellbeing of both," said Dr Margaret Chan, Director-General at WHO.

"Up to half of all newborn deaths occur within the first day," said Chan.

The report said that lives of most of these babies could be saved if they had access to some basic health-care services.



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